WHAT IS SILK SCREEN PRINTING?
It is known by many names, screen printing, serigraphy, silk printing, but they all refer to the same thing — a millenary printing technique that requires three things:
- A screen
- A squeegee
In this process, the ink is pushed through a mesh or stencil to print a particular design on the desired material, like your personalised t-shirt. Either by cutouts or by an impermeable material, the liquid only transfers to the areas the screen permits, allowing for great design potential. The technique has got a long history and has evolved throughout the years, but the mechanics have stayed pretty much the same.
Silk Screen Printing Technique is a technique that use for Mass Printing, those T-Shirts that sold in the shops, 90% of it are using Screen Printing Technique to print on the T-Shirt. The main process of the printing Technique is these few steps: Design, Template, Plates, Print and Dry these few steps. This technique uses Chromatic printing style to print it.
HOW TO PRINT ONTO BLACK OR DARK T-SHIRTS
It is the same process, with the only difference being that an extra layer of white ink has to be placed as a base before the final design can be printed. If this step is overlooked then the dark fabric will “consume” the design making it look pale. Keep in mind that some amateur or inexperienced printers don’t know this so always make sure you clarify the point with your account manager before going into production.
THE PRICE OF COLOR
Because the technique doesn’t allow for more than one colour to be applied at the same time, a different screen must be created for each tone. For this reason, the less colourful a design is, then the cheaper it will be to produce. As a result, this method tends to work better when placing larger orders. Another factor one must take into account when working with screen printing is the colour of the garment that will be printed on.
WHAT KIND OF GRAPHIC/DESIGN SUITABLE FOR T-SHIRT PRINTING?
If your graphic/design is in the format of (PSD, JPEG), you need to prepare A4[21cm x 29cm] or above, 300dpi Resolution, CMYK Color Format.
If your graphic/design is a Vector Graphic, then there’s no size limitation. (AI, CDR, Flash, EPS format) CMYK Color Format.
POSITION OF PRINTING
Normal Printing Position
DESIGN ARTWORK COLOR CALCULATION
Graphic/ Design is based on Palette then it forms a graphic on the T-Shirt. Design Plate and Color is all related together.
In this diagram it contains Red, Orange, White, and Dark Blue that you can easily sort it out, which is more suitable to Silk Screen Printing Technique. This technique, whereby will create one plate for each color. As the diagram that shows above, it needs four different plates.
SILK SCREEN PRINTING TECHNIQUE PROCESS
In order to print the silk screen printing techniques different materials used
ADVANTAGES OF SILK SCREEN PRINTING
Due to the composition and thickness of inks used in screen printing, designs placed with this method can withstand far more stress than others without losing the quality of the print.
Screen printing produces vibrant colours that are hard to replicate by other printing techniques. Techniques like direct to garment (DTG) use cyan, magenta, yellow and black (CMYK) dots to recreate their images and while it is a great method to replicate details it usually pales (literally) in comparison to screen printing.
It is hard to find a printing method as versatile as screen printing. It can be done on almost any surface as long as it is flat, fabric, wood, plastic and even metal, among many others.
BIG ORDER FRIENDLY
Since this is a method that requires the fabrication of screens for every colour used in an artwork, it is best reserved for large orders. The more garments placed in an order then the cheaper the cost per unit will be.
Screen printing allows for the greater thickness of the ink than other techniques, which result in greater possibilities when it comes to the finish of the piece.
It is a basic process that does not change regardless if it’s automated or done by hand. The tools are not hard to replace and won’t become obsolete as fast as other technologies.